Undoubtedly, the culture of Iran (Persia) is one of the most influential cultures due to its rich political position and culture in the world. As well as Italy, Albania, Macedonia and Greece in Europe and western and southwestern Russia in the Caucasus and even parts of the Arabian Peninsula have been strongly influenced by this culture. The rich history of Iran has had a great impact on the world through art, architecture, poetry, science and technology, medicine, philosophy and engineering, and many world-renowned scientists have been introduced to the world in this land.

Eclectic cultural attraction has been said to be one of the main determinants of Iranian identity and the most important factor for its historical permanence, and many Iranologists believe that “Iran’s glory has always been its culture.”

Rainbow of tribes and nomads under the sky of Iran


The Kurdish people are an Iranian ethnic group living in northeastern and western Iran, but today the Kurdish population covers an area of ​​approximately 500,000 square kilometers, ie parts of the Middle East (especially Turkey, Iraq, Syria, the Caucasus, Israel, and Central Asia). Especially in Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan) and in Iran.
The whole of this land was originally part of Safavid Iran, which during the Battle of Chaldoran during 1515-1520, a large part of it (about 80% of all Kurdistan) was ceded to the Ottoman government. The Ottoman Empire collapsed in the early twentieth century, and as a result, parts of the land now exist in three countries besides Iran, Turkey, Iraq and Syria.


Qashqai or Qashqai tribe is one of the most well-known tribal unions in Iran and most of them have Turkish roots and almost all of them speak a dialect of Western Oghuz Turkic languages ​​which they call themselves. In 2016, an estimated one million people.

The main center of this tribe is Fars province. However, due to the vastness of lands and territories, they also live in other provinces, but mostly in the foothills of the Zagros Mountains, he pointed to Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Khuzestan, Isfahan and Bushehr provinces. The Qashqais gradually migrated to this land in different periods and settled there.

It can be said that Turkic-speaking tribes are scattered throughout Iran and the establishment of Turkish tribes in various parts of Iran has intensified during the Seljuk, Timurid and Safavid eras.




Iranian Azeris Indigenous Azeri population of Iran, the second largest ethnic group in Iran after Persian-speakers with a population of about 11 million, the largest Turkic-speaking ethnic group in the northwestern corner of Iran in the northwestern part of the Caspian Sea to Lake Urmia. Their first language is Azerbaijani Turkish, which has a structure similar to Istanbul Turkish but with a different accent. Half of the Azeris are urbanites, the largest cities of which are Tabriz, Urmia, Ardabil, Zanjan, Khoy and Maragheh, respectively. In addition, they include about a quarter of the population of Tehran. Azeris are a significant minority in cities such as Hamedan and Qazvin. And live in Karaj. Their lifestyle is not different from other Iranian ethnic groups. There are also significant mixed marriages with other ethnic groups among the upper classes. The majority of Azeris, like most Iranians, are Shiite Muslims with Iranian culture. One of the most famous Azeri tribes is Hal Shahsavan, which mostly lives in Ardabil province. Azeris are among the leading people in Iran in literature, poetry, culture, politics, music, clothing and architecture


The Bakhtiari or Bakhtiari tribe are considered to be the people of Iran who live in southwestern Iran in the provinces of Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari, Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad provinces of Khuzestan, Lorestan, Isfahan and Markazi province. Bakhtiari people speak Bakhtiari dialect which is one of the dialects of Lori language. The Bakhtiari tribe consists of two branches, the Chaharlang and the Haftlang. These divisions, called the organizational chart of the Bakhtiari tribe, date back to the 16th century and are organized according to the special class and tax system of the Bakhtiari tribes. Most of these branches live in the Zagros Mountains. One of the most prominent features of the Bakhtiari tribe is the nomadic life of their millennial ancestors who spend six months of the year in the highlands and six months of the year in the lowlands of the Zagros and still set up their tents in these areas.


The Turkmen of Iran are other ethnic groups living in the northeast, which live mainly on the eastern shores of the Caspian Sea, including the northern and eastern parts of Golestan province and parts of Khorasan. They speak Turkmen, the predominant language of the people of Central Asia, most of whom are Muslim and Sunni, and the population of Turkmen in Iran is estimated at about two million.
The Turkmens are a branch of the Central Asian Turks known as the Oghuz or Ghaz, who have lived a nomadic life since ancient times in the vast deserts downstream of the Seyhun River and between the Aral Sea. Until about the seventh century AD, the Turkmen were part of a large Turkish ethnic group. During these years, following the collapse of the Gok Turkic Empire, a group of Turks called the Oghuz separated from them and migrated from the Arkhon region to the Aral Sea and the Sea.
One of the prominent features of this people is equestrianism and music, and the Akhal-Tekeh thoroughbred horse is one of the most beautiful horses in the world.
The Turkmens are made up of various tribes, including the Yamut, the Googlan, and the Teke, whose art of carpet weaving and living in nomadic tents are other characteristics of this people.


The Baluch people are of Iranian descent, an area of ​​approximately 620,000 square kilometers called Baluchistan, which is spread between Iran, Pakistan and Afghanistan. Of course, the Baluchis have migrated to other countries such as Turkmenistan, Oman, and in general the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf and some other European and American countries. Baluch people speak Baluchi language which is one of the Iranian languages ​​of Indo-European branch. The Baluchis are mostly made up of tribal populations, and the religion of most Baluchis is Islam, and the religion of the majority is also Sunni, but some Baluchis also follow religions such as Hinduism and Dhikr.
The estimated population of Baluchis in Iran is estimated at five million and they are mostly engaged in agriculture
Music and carpet weaving, especially needlework, are one of the most unique features of Baluch women, and their population is scattered in the south and southeast of Iran.

We want to pay attention to the parts of the culture of the Iranian people that seem more interesting to foreign tourists, because getting to know the whole culture requires living with these people for a long time. In general, the media that benefit from government support is a true and clear picture of the actual culture. Iranians did not publish, but with a little searching on YouTube and Facebook, one can easily understand the experience of people who have come to Iran, so first you have to find the right source to search because many people enter Iran with negative cannulae ideas. They understand the realities of Iran in 48 hours
In this article, we want to explain ten prominent features of Iranian culture:

1_ " TAAROF"

In Iran you have to be in different situations like taxi, restaurant and. . . Insist on paying your money! This means that when you want to pay, the person who should receive it pretends that he does not want the money, and this is where your insistence should begin. If someone invites you to dinner, or offers to help with work or get you somewhere, you must first make sure that it is genuine, otherwise you must reject the offer, even the offer of tea after dinner! Although the compliment was very complicated, I learned it quickly and it will become one of the best parts of a trip to Iran. “It usually takes three times your insistence to know the truth about the intention of the complimenter


The level of education in Iran that surprises tourists

“Education is very important in Iran. Many people here have PhDs! It is great that women and girls can continue their education without discrimination, and even many of the Iranian immigrant population has many degrees. They are at the top of the university, although there are many logical reasons for the level of education in Iran

The first reason is that education has always been a very important issue in Iranian culture. And even parents are willing to borrow money from others to educate their children

The second reason is that there is not much entertainment for young people. Entertainment such as bars, clubs that exist in other countries and cause a disturbance of concentration that does not exist in Iran! “
The third reason is to find a suitable job, which is very difficult to do without high 


Driving Iranians causes a little surprise and fear

“Do not be afraid of dumb people in Iran, do not be afraid of theft in Iran, do not be afraid of terrorism in Iran, but be sure not to be afraid of crossing the street in Iran”

The craziest driving in the whole world is suspended in Iran! Officially Iran! You do not hear the horn like in India, but you are afraid of driving in Iran

There is no specific framework for driving here! That is why Iran has the highest number of accidents in the world.

4_ The Iranian people are too good and kind.


“I have said many times that Iranians are very good people. People in Iran are very kind, hospitable and helpful more than you might think. In Iranian culture, the guest is considered a ‘friend of God’. .

After many trips to different parts of the world, when you travel to Iran, you will quickly realize the difference between Iranians and other countries and the Iranians will surprise you a lot. You may have heard a lot about the hospitality of Omani and Turks, but with travel You will forget them in Iran, they will easily invite you to their house without any expectations, sometimes they will take you to your destination and even invite you to a restaurant at their own expense. Iranians are the most hospitable people you have ever seen. “


“Hijab is mandatory in Iran, even if you are a tourist, you must observe the hijab.
Sometimes it is thought that you must wear a chador, but you will be surprised to see Iranian girls and women. You can use colorful and beautiful clothes and scarves, and this is not a problem for anyone. Women in Iran are very fashionable and use beautiful and colorful coats and scarves.

Most tourists do not have a problem with hijab, and even this can bring you closer to their culture, and Iranians will smile when they see you in hijab and will be much more intimate with you….


Iran is the number one rhinoplasty in the world !!

“Iranian girls are known for their excessive use of cosmetics, and they are second only to Saudi Arabia in this regard. For this reason, you are not very surprised about the issue of rhinoplasty in Iran. When you travel to Iran, you may see a young boy with a stick on his nose and think that something happened to him.The next day, see another boy with his nose closed and tell yourself how fighting the boys are in Iran!

But when you encounter this scene in other cities and girls with their noses closed, you will be informed of the story! Rhinoplasty has become an obsession among Iranians, and you may even see a girl who holds the adhesive tapes on her nose for a long time so that everyone can notice her nose surgery.
The cheapness of this type of operation and the excessive focus on showing the beauty of the face is one of the reasons for this in Iran and even many people from other countries travel to cities such as Tehran, Tabriz or Mashhad and even Shiraz for such operations.



“Have you ever heard this famous phrase?” Come to the darkness, we have sweets! “This phrase has been spread all over the internet but no one knows where it came from!

But perhaps the secret of this sentence can be discovered in Iran

Here, people love sweets in a special and different way. In Europe and other places, you can see banks and pharmacies everywhere, and in Iran, confectionery shops.

Sweets have become a big part of Iranian culture. Iranians do not charge you for a party, but they are happy to go to their party with sweets or chocolate. “
Yazd city can be called as the pastry capital of Iran with all kinds of bakwa, halva and other sweets more than other cities, and Haj Khalifa pastry shop with more than one hundred years of experience is one of the best examples.


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