SHORT BRIEF THE ISLAND
Qeshm Island is one of the thirty islands of Iran in the Persian Gulf and the largest of them, which is located in the south of the most important port of Iran, namely Bandar Abbas in Hormozgan province and in the north of the Strait of Hormuz. In recent decades, the island has become one of the leading tourist destinations in Iran due to its numerous attractions, including its pristine nature and the rich culture of its indigenous peoples, which is a combination of East African culture, Arab culture, Indian culture and finally Iranian culture. .
The sights of this island are the only Middle East geopark, mangrove forests, Khurbas caves, Chahkuh Strait, bottlenose dolphins of the Persian Gulf, Star Valley, Naz and Simin islands and Namkadan cave.
The island covers an area of 1491 square kilometers, about 2.5 times the size of the second largest island in the Persian Gulf, Bahrain. The length of the island from the east of Qeshm port to the westernmost point, namely the port of Basaido at the end of the island is about 120 km.
The history of Qeshm dates back to at least the Sassanid era 1800 years ago and Khurbas caves can be attributed to the era of Mehrparastab Iranians, which dates back to before Zarathustra.
The island is one of the best destinations for snorkeling and diving as well as paragliding and bird watching.
The first Europeans to occupy Qeshm and the surrounding islands and dominate it for more than a century were the Portuguese. Then they were replaced by the Dutch and finally the British, but with the formation of the Safavid central government in Iran, the Portuguese were expelled from the island by the efforts of Imam Qoli Khan (the famous commander of the Safavid era) and the rule of a powerful central government was applied to the region. The naming of Banar Abbas from its old name, Gambron, took place in honor of the powerful Safavid king, Shah Abbas the Great.
WHAT TO SEE
Qeshm Island Mangrove Protected Area (equivalent to 86,581 hectares) which was protected on September 16, 1982 and its area is north of Qeshm Island and is also known as a biosphere reserve.
The two most prominent species of these forests are chandelier and mangrove, which are known in the world by the scientific name of Avicennia marina thanks to the efforts of the famous Iranian scientist Abu Ali Sina
Mangrove has many benefits, including its vascular sap, which has a significant effect on dry disease, which is a common skin disease in the Hormozgan region. These trees are evergreen throughout the year and reach a length of 3 to 6 meters and are very slow to grow
Qeshm Geopark, located on Qeshm Island in Hormozgan Province in southern Iran, is the first geopark in the Middle East to become a member of the UNESCO-sponsored global network of geoparks since 2006.
The protection of this geopark and its geosites is done by local communities through green tourism activities.
Qeshm Island, which is located in the shape of a dolphin in the Strait of Hormuz on the southern coast of Iran and can be called the last spots of the Zagros Mountains, has a unique geological structure created by erosion and has created very beautiful and spectacular areas in the form of rocky deserts. .
Qeshm World Geopark is located in the western part of Qeshm Island.
Kharbas Cave, Setareh Valley and Chahkuh Strait are parts of Qeshm Geopark Geosites
Qeshm Geopark is of great importance due to its strategic location in the Persian Gulf and is a representative of the region between the geoparks of East Asia and Europe. Qeshm Island has a high level of cultural and geological diversity in terms of geological diversity and diversity of existing sites.
Qeshm Island is located between the two bio-geographical regions of the world, namely the afro-tropical region as well as the oriental south and southeast of Asia, so many species of this island can not be seen in other parts of Iran and this is one of the unique attractions of this island. Also, this species is very different from the northern regions of the Arctic Pale and is a real paradise for lovers of wildlife and bird watching on Qeshm Island, birds such as the Indian Roller, Crab Plover and so many different species.
DIVING AND SNORKLINK
Due to the geographical location of Qeshm Island in the Persian Gulf and the existence of numerous satellite islands such as Lark, Hormoz, Hengam, as well as coral reefs and countless fish species that are close to 1600 species and even the habitat of the world’s largest mammal, blue whale and dolphin. The bottle nose of this region can be considered as one of the top destinations for snorkeling and scuba diving. The existence of numerous diving sites in southern Iran, this center along with Kish Island and Chabahar port in the Oman Sea, which is connected to the Indian Ocean, has become The best areas for recreational diving as well as international training courses